General Information

Izmir (Smyrna), on the Aegean coast, is the third largest port and third largest city of Turkey, is definitely worth a visit. The ancient Greek colonial city of Smyrna was developed on top of previous settlements which are as old as 5000 years. Lydians, Persians, Alexander the Great, Romans, Byzantine Empire, Seljuk, Genoese, Ottomans; all have contributed much to the city to make it the thriving metropolis it is today.

Culture and History

In the 15th Century, Smyrna was conquered by the Ottoman Empire. Between 1919 - 1922, it was the starting point of the Greek invasion after the World War I. The city is also notable as presenting the end of the Turkish Independence War, with the last city liberated by the Turkish army lead by Mustafa Kemal Ataturk.

Notable to see are the Agora of Smyrna, the Clock Tower of Izmir, the Pagus Fortress (Kadifekale), the Konak Pier, and the Kordon. Izmir is also known for its rich Jewish heritage.

Smyrna holds one of the Seven Churches of Revelation.