General Information

Mardin is a city of various cultures and religions. The area has been serving as the crossroads among Anatolian and Mesopotamian civilizations for centuries. Every culture and every religion has left its mark in the city. The Islamic calls to prayer are often followed by the bells of the churches ringing.

Culture and History

Two of the oldest Christian monasteries (Dayro d'Mor Hananyo and Dayro d'Mor Gabriel) are located in Mardin. The city is also home to the Syrian Orthodox Christians. A dialect of Aramaic, the mother tongue of Jesus, still survives in the region.

During the period known as the Rise of Islam, the city was conqured by the Umayyad Caliphate. It soon became a province of the Seljuk Turks with the arrival of Turkish tribes from the East. After a short period of Mongol rule in the 13th century, Mardin was reconquered by the Seljuk Turks, who have left their mark with magnificent structures such as the Ulu Mosque.