General Information

Pamukkale (Cotton Castle) stands near the city of Denizli, and is undoubtedly the most unique natural wonder of its kind. It consists of white limestone terraces and pools which formed naturally over a long period of time by the slow accumulation of dissolved limestone in the natural spring waters heated by volcanic activity. To keep these terraces clean, visitors are asked only to enter barefoot.

Culture and History

Alongside this natural wonder, the ancient city of Hierapolis is present. Founded in 2nd century BC by the famous king of Pergamon, Eumenes II. The city especially became a very prominent site during the Roman Empire, due to its natural springwaters and its function as a healing center. It was perhaps one of the biggest spa cities of its time. Visitors would swim in the hot thermal springs, and then relax at the terraces of Pamukkale. One of the great baths constructed with huge stone blocks (without the use of cement), which still maintains its natural water circulation, is still open today for tourists to enjoy.

Another important site within Hierapolis is the necropolis, being the greatest burial site in Asia Minor. From the simple graves of common people to the sarcophagi of wealthier individuals, from small burial mounds to larger family graves, the large necropolis is also an ironic display of how travellers seeking medical relief flocked to Hierapolis and how some did not make it.