General Information

Pergamon (Pergamum, Bergama) is an ancient city on the coast of Asia Minor of the Hellenistic period.

Culture and History

It once housed the greatest library of the ancient world, second to the Great Library in Alexandria. When the export of papyrus had stopped, partly out of competition, the Pergamonians had to improvise a material onto which they would store their written materials, and hence invented the parchment.

The city is most notable for holding one of the Seven Churches of Revelation, with numerous other mentions of the city within the Book of Revelation by Saint John.