General Information

The history of Xanthos spans nearly 1800 years and is marked by its struggle for independence. During ancient times, the city has been the site of many wars and disasters, sometimes even claiming the lives of all of its inhabitants.

Culture and History

The city is remarkable due to its surviving multilingual records, that helped decipher the ancient Lycian language that got extinct sometime during the 1st century BC, with the Hellenization process following the conquests of Alexander the Great.

The oldest part of the ancient city, the Lycian Acropolis, still has the remains of a small temple and retains a large part of its original walls. The city was later dominated by Byzantine architecture. The agora and the Roman theater are still standing, but almost nothing remains from the residential areas. Just located outside the city is an old Lycian necropolis.