General Information

The former capital under Orhan Ghazi, the founder of the Ottoman Empire, lies at the foot of Uludag National Park. Dotted with many important structures due to its historic value, such as the Large Mosque from the 14th Century and the Green Mosque with the Sultans' graves. Notable attractions include the Archaeological Museum, Ataturk Museum, the Museum of Turkish and Islamic Artworks, and the Iznik Museum. In addition, the Silk Bazaar is located in the Caravanserai, composed of many small shops and restaurants and a beautiful, typical Turkish courtyard.

Culture and History

One of the most beautiful religious structures of the Ottoman era, the Green Mosque (Yesil Turbe) is also the symbol of Bursa. The hexagonal structure covered in turquoise ceramic tiles is typical of early Ottoman architecture, built in the years 1419 -1420 under Sultan Mehmet Çelebi to serve as a mausoleum for the sultans. Equally impressive is the carved walnut-wood front door with its geometric and typical Islamic motifs.

The Great Mosque (Ulu Cami) is the fifth of the holiest sites in the Islamic world. The massive structure has been built under the rule of Sultan Yildirim Bayezid between 1396 and 1400 onto twelve large, square columns, with nineteen covered domes. The richly appointed interior is 3180 sqm, making it one of the largest Turkish mosques ever built. The mosque stands as a perfect example of the transition from the Seljuk architecture into the Ottoman style.