General Information

Trabzon (Trebizond) was settled in the 7th Century BC by Greek settlers. It served as the capital of the Pontus Empire, that lived between 1204 – 1461, founded by the Byzantine rulers displaced from Constantinople by the Crusades. After the conquest of Constantinople by the Turks in 1453, the Pontus Empire was claimed by the Ottoman Turks.

Culture and History

The area around Trabzon has been inhabited for at least 9000 years. According to legend, an ethnic group called the “white tribe” from Trabzon participated in the war for Troy. The city had been under the rule of Hittites, Assyrians, Persians and part of the Hellenistic Empire of Alexander the Great.

During Roman times, the city was the main shipbuilding center and the capital of the province. In 258 AD the city was even sacked by Visigoths.

Trabzon is now the largest city of Turkey's Black Sea region. Here, the ruins of a Byzantine fortress, and many other historical buildings, churches and monasteries still amaze visitors.